After tooth extraction, the adjacent teeth are overloaded. They bend towards the gap and cause the formation of gaps between the remaining teeth. Initially, patients complain of pain and hypersensitivity resulting from exposed tooth necks. Over time, overloaded teeth become weak, crooked and increase their mobility, which in turn can lead to tooth loss.

It is worth remembering that teeth strive for balance, hence due to the lack of contact with the opposing tooth, Godon’s symptom occurs. This means that the tooth slips out of the bone to fill the gap.

It should be emphasised that unfilled missing teeth have a negative impact on the proper functioning of the temporomandibular joint. This may manifest in migraines, tinnitus, pain during chewing, malocclusion, jaw deviation, crackling, limited mouth opening, and even articular disc prolapse.

What’s more, the lack of full teeth leads to difficulty chewing food. Improper grinding of food can contribute to diseases of the digestive system, while choosing only soft foods does not provide all the necessary elements for the proper functioning of the body. A poorer diet can contribute to nutritional deficiencies, which in turn promote changes in the brain. Researchers at New York University’s Rory Meyers College of Nursing conducted a study on the progress of dementia with tooth loss. A study in older adults found that tooth loss increased the risk of developing cognitive impairment by 1.48 times and the risk of being diagnosed with dementia by 1.28 times.

Time after tooth loss works against us

With the loss of a tooth, the level of bone decreases, the symmetry of the smile is disturbed, and in the long run, the proportions of the face are changed. The cheeks and lips sink in, wrinkles appear around the mouth and the chin protrudes forward, resulting in a prematurely aged look. This can lead to the loss of self-confidence and deterioration of well-being, so it is crucial to have a prosthetic restoration as soon as possible.

implanty - most 3 punktowy z Cerkonu na 2 implantach - wiedza - blog - klinika stomatologiczna Poznań Materna Dental

3-unit 2-implant supported Zirconia bridge

How do we break this chain of failure?

The solution is an implant procedure. This involves the placement of an implant, for example a small, cone-shaped titanium implant that replaces the root of the lost tooth in the bone. If there are no contraindications, immediate implantation can take place immediately after tooth extraction.

In most cases, after implantation, the convalescence time takes about 5 months. During this time the implant is integrated with the bone (osseointegration).
After the implant is uncovered and the prosthodontist is visited, the implant will be loaded with a crown and will perform the functions of the tooth, moreover, it will prevent periodontal disease and the loss of further teeth.

What is the procedure for implant treatment at the Materna Dental Clinic in Poznań?

implanty - konsultacja implantologiczna - wiedza - blog - klinika stomatologiczna Poznań Materna Dental

Implant consultation

The first necessary step is an implant consultation, during which the implantologist will examine the oral cavity, analyse X-rays and conduct a detailed interview about the patient’s expectations and current health condition.

During the visit, possible additional procedures necessary before or during implantation will be discussed, like sinus lift, guided bone reconstruction with bone substitute material (bone augmentation) or Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF). Next, a treatment plan with a properly selected type of implant system will be presented.

At the Materna Dental Clinic in Poznań, we offer several types of implant systems, including Bicon, SGS and Mis. All of them are completely safe – made of titanium, biocompatible and biofunctional.

Implantation procedure

The implantation procedure is carried out in perfectly sterile conditions and under local anaesthesia. The whole treatment is under full supervision of the implantologist and the care of medical personnel.

We owe our increasing success to modern technology that allows for precise planning of all stages of the treatment. By using specialised programs for accurate analysis of computed tomography, we are able to design implant templates.

The computer-planned position of the implant is perfectly mapped on the implant template. The guide rests on the patient’s adjacent teeth or gums, thanks to which the implantologist makes the drills for the implant with extreme precision and maximum safety.

Implantation with a template is minimally invasive, there is no need to apply sutures, and the healing time is much shorter than in traditional methods of implantation with flap exposed.

At Materna Dental Clinic we use two methods of implantation, which depend on the individual treatment plan:

  • A one-stage implantation ends with the placement of an immediate healing screw, which gently protrudes above the gum and shapes it for the future crown. In this way, the need for a second procedure, i.e. uncovering the implant after the osseointegration period, is eliminated. However, it forces the patient to take care of perfect oral hygiene.
  • A two-stage implantation ends with the insertion of a closing screw, which is completely covered by the gum. After osseointegration, the second stage is necessary, i.e. exposing the implant. After the healing screw shapes the emergence profile for the future crown (it takes about two weeks), we can proceed to the prosthetic part.

A visit to a prosthodontist

It involves collecting photographic documentation, matching the colour to the neighbouring teeth, performing an intraoral scan and learning about the patient’s expectations as to the final appearance of the crown on the implant. The last visit ends with the placement of the crown.

The video shows what a 3-unit Zirconia bridge looks like on two abutments that will be screwed to 2 Mis implants.

The whole implant treatment and prosthetics is determined individually, sometimes it can take up to half a year, but despite this, the effects are definitely worth the time.

How to look after dental implants?

Once a year, you should go for a check-up. You should perform hygienization every 6 months, follow the dentist’s recommendations and take care of proper oral hygiene. This will be much easier with the help of a sonic toothbrush, dental floss and a water flosser with an appropriate tip for crowns on implants.

It is worth remembering that crowns on implants should be cared for as if they were your own teeth, then they will serve you in perfect condition for many years.

implanty - most protetyczny na 4 implantach - wiedza - blog - klinika stomatologiczna Poznań Materna Dental

Full arch work - 12-point metal-porcelain bridge on 4 Mis implants